Working to Advance
Health Equity in Africa

Dr Tamaryn Crankshaw

  • Programme Leader
  • Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights

Tamaryn has a PhD in Public Health and has research interests which include sexual and reproductive health and rights, prevention of gender-based violence, HIV prevention and gender politics. Her current research focuses on unsafe abortion, adolescents and contraception, young key populations, comprehensive sexuality education and linkages to adolescent-friendly sexual and reproductive health services. She is currently engaged in related projects in the Eastern and Southern Africa region.

Latest Publications

Research outputs

Book contribution

Crankshaw, T. L., Freedman, J., & Mutambara, V. M. (2022). Examining the Gendered Experiences of Migrant and Refugee Women in Southern Africa. In Bhana, B., Crewe,M. and Aggleton, P. (Eds). Sex, Sexuality and Sexual Health in Southern Africa. Routledge. pp 127-141.

Freedman, J. Crankshaw, T. Aantjes, C. Armstrong, R. Poku. N. 2020. Young Key Populations In Southern Africa: An Analysis of The Social determinants of HIV Risk and Barrier to SRH services. In Preventing HIV Among Young People in Southern and Eastern Africa: Emerging Evidence and Intervention Strategies. Routledge.

Mindry, D., Maharaj, P., Letsoalo, T., Munthree, C.,Crankshaw, T. (2018) Global Perspectives on Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Across the Lifecourse. In Ed Choudhury, S., Erausquin, J. T., & Withers, M. (Eds). Global Perspectives on Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Across the Lifecourse. Springer International Publishing. pp141-158.

Journal article

Crankshaw, T. Freedman, J. 2023. Sex work or transactional sex? Shifting the dialogue from risk to rights. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 31:1.

Crankshaw, T. Freedman, J. Mutambara, V. 2023. Intergenerational trajectories of inherited vulnerabilities amongst young women refugees in South Africa. Comparative Migration Studies, 11:10.

Crankshaw, T. Muparamoto, N. Chareka, S. Ngwenya, P. 2022. Intersectional vulnerabilities and differential impacts of COVID-19 responses on young people who sell sex in Zimbabwe Culture, Health and Sexuality, DOI: 10.1080/13691058.2022.2101068.

Aantjes, C., Crankshaw, T. and Freedman, J. 2022. Impacts of Colonial Legacies on the Rights and Security of Sex Workers in Southern Africa International Journal of Gender, Sexuality and Law 2(1): 273-297.

Mutambara, V. Crankshaw, T. Freeman, J. 2021. Assessing the impacts of COVID-19 on women refugees in South Africa. Journal of Refugee Studies, 1-18.

Crankshaw, T. Chareka, S. Zambezi, P. Poku, N. 2021. Age Matters: Determinants of sexual and reproductive health vulnerabilities amongst young women who sell sex (16–24 years) in Zimbabwe. Social Science and Medicine, 270, 1-9.

Chareka, S. Crankshaw, T. Zambezi, P. 2021. Economic and social dimensions influencing safety of induced abortions amongst young women who sell sex in Zimbabwe. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 29(1),1-12.

Freedman, J. Crankshaw, T. Mutambara, V. 2020. Sexual and reproductive health of asylum seeking and refugee women in South Africa: understanding the determinants of vulnerability. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 28(1), 1-12.

Hikuam, F. Crankshaw, T. Sundewall, J. 2020. Engaging communities: the key to leaving no one behind in the era of UHC. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 28(2), 1-4.

Aantjes, C.J., Gilmoor, A., Syurina, E.V., Crankshaw, T.L. (2018) The Status of Provision of Post Abortion Care Services for Women and Girls in Eastern and Southern Africa: A Systematic Review Contraception,

Gibbs, A. Crankshaw, T. Lewinsohn, R. Chirawu, P. Willan, S. 2017. ‘I play with the baby so that people can see that I'm a man’: Young fathers' involvement in the first 1 000 days of a child's life in South Africa South African Review of Sociology.

Gibbs, A., Carpenter, B., Crankshaw, T., Hannass-Hancock, J., Smit, J., Tomlinson, M and Butle, L (2017) Prevalence and factors associated with recent intimate partner violence and relationships between disability and depression in postpartum women in one clinic in eThekwini Municipality, South Africa PLoS ONE 12(7): e0181236. https://

Ramirez-Avila, L., Regan, S., Cloete, C., Crankshaw, T., Rabideau, DJ., Freedberg, KA., Parker, RA., Walensky, RP., Losina, E and Bassett, IV (2017) Adolescent Linkage to Care After a Large-scale Transfer From a Hospital-based HIV Clinic to the Public Sector in South Africa The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 36 (3)

Davies, NECG., Matthews, LT., Crankshaw, TL., Cooper, D and Schwartz, SR (2017) Supporting HIV prevention and reproductive goals in an HIV-endemic setting: taking safer conception services from policy to practice in South Africa Journal of the International AIDS Society, 20(1):21271,

Crankshaw, TL., Voce, A., Butler, L.M., Darbes, L. (2016) Expanding the relationship context for couple-based HIV prevention: Elucidating women's perspectives on non-traditional sexual partnerships  Social Science and Medicine, 166, pp 169-176, doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.020

Crankshaw, TL., Smit,JA and Beksinska, ME (2016) Placing contraception at the centre of the HIV prevention agenda African Journal of AIDS Research, 15(2), pp 157-162, DOI 10.2989/16085906.2016.1204330

Katz, IT, Butler, LM, Crankshaw, TL, Wright, AA, Bramhill, K, Leone, DA, Giddy, J, Mould, S (2016) Cervical abnormalities in South African women living with HIV with high screening and referral rates

Sengayi,M., Spoerri,A., Egger,M., Kielkowski,D.,Crankshaw,T., Cloete,C., Giddy,J., Bohlius,J (2016) Record linkage to correct under-ascertainment of cancers in HIV cohorts: the Sinikithemba HIV clinic Linkage Project International Journal of Cancer, DOI: 10.1002/ijc.30154

Mindry, D.L., Milford, C. Greener, L., Greener, R.M., Maharaj, P., Letsoalo, T., Munthree, C., Crankshaw, T.L., Smit, J.A. (2016) Client and provider knowledge and views on safer conception for people living with HIV (PLHIV) Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare, doi:

Katz,IT, Bogart,LM, Cloete,C., Crankshaw,T., Giddy,J, Govender,T., Regan,S., Gaynes,MR., Leone,D.,Losina,E.,Bassett, IV. (2015) Understanding HIV-infected patients’ experiences with PEPFAR-associated transitions at a Centre of Excellence in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a qualitative study AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1051502

L. T. Matthews, J. A. Smit, L. Moore, C. Milford, R. Greener, F. N. Mosery, H. Ribaudo, K. Bennett, T. L. Crankshaw, A. Kaida, C. Psaros, S. A. Safren, D. R. Bangsberg (2015) Periconception HIV risk behavior among men and women reporting HIV-serodiscordant partners in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa AIDS and Behavior, DOI 10.1007/s10461-015-1050-x

Casale M, Cluver L, Crankshaw T, Kuo C, Lachman JM and Wild LG (2015) Direct and indirect effects of caregiver social support on adolescent psychological outcomes in two South African AIDS-affected communities 55 (3-4), pp 336-46, DOI:10.1007/s10464-015-9705-3

Casale M and Crankshaw T (2015) "They laugh when I sing": perceived effects of caregiver social support on child wellbeing among South African caregivers of children J Child Adolesc Ment Health, 27(2), pp 149-55, doi: 10.2989/17280583.2015.1067216.

Mindry, D., Crankshaw,T. L., Maharaj, P., Munthree, C., Lestsoalo, T., Milford, C., Greener, R. M., Rambally, L., and Smit, J. A. (2014) "We have to try and have this child before it is too late": missed opportunities in client-provider communication on reproductive intentions of people living with HIV AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 27(1), 25-30, Taylor & Francis Online, DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2014.951311.

Crankshaw, T. L., Mindry, D., Munthree, C., Letsoalo, T., and Maharaj, P. (2014) Challenges with couples, serodiscordance and HIV disclosure: health care provider perspectives on delivering safer conception services for HIV-affected couples, South Africa Journal of the International AIDS Society, 17(18832).

Crankshaw, TL., Voce, A., King, RL., Giddy, J., Sheon, NM., Butler, LM. (2014) Double Disclosure Bind: Complexities of Communicating an HIV Diagnosis in the Context of Unintended Pregnancy in Durban, South Africa AIDS Behav, doi: 10.1007/s10461-013-0521-1

Matthews LT, Moore L, Crankshaw TL, Milford C, Mosery FN, Greener R, Psaros C, Safren SA, Bangsberg DR and Smit JA. (2014) South Africans with recent pregnancy rarely know partner's HIV serostatus: implications for serodiscordant couples interventions 14(1), 843, doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-843.

Matthews LT, Crankshaw TL, Giddy J, Kaida A, Ware N, Smit J, Bangsberg DR (2013) Reproductive Decision-Making and Periconception Practices Among HIV-Positive Men and Women Attending HIV Services in Durban, South Africa AIDS Behav, 17(2), pp4 61-70, doi: 10.1007/s10461-011-0068-y.

Matthews, LT, Crankshaw, TL, Giddy, J, Kaida, A, Psaros, C, Ware, N, Smit, JA,and Bangsberg, DR. (2012) Reproductive Counseling by Clinic Healthcare Workers in Durban, South Africa: Perspectives from HIV-Infected Men and Women Reporting Serodiscordant Partners Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2012: 146348. doi: 10.1155/2012/146348

Crankshaw, T. Matthews, L. Giddy, J. Kaida, A. Ware, N. Smit, J. Bangsberg, D. 2012. A Conceptual Framework for Understanding HIV Risk Behaviour in The Context of Supporting Fertility Goals Amongst Serodiscordant Couples. Reproductive Health Matters

Geddes, R, Giddy, J, Butler, LM, van Wyk, E, Crankshaw, TL, Esterhuizen,TM, Knight, S. (2011) Dual and triple therapy to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in a resource-limited setting - lessons from a South African programme South African Medical Journal 2011;101(9):651-654.

Crankshaw T, Corless IB, Giddy J, Nicholas PK, Eichbaum Q, Butler LM. (2010) Exploring the patterns of use and the feasibility of using cellular phones for clinic appointment reminders and adherence messages in an antiretroviral treatment clinic, Durban, South Africa. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 24(11):729-34. doi: 10.1089/apc.2010.0146.

Scorgie, F. and Crankshaw, TL. (2008) Band-aid for a gaping wound: can mandatory HIV-testing of newborns improve the success of PMTCT? Agenda, 22(75):54-60, doi: 10.1080/10130950.2008.9674907.

Opinion piece

Poku, N.K., Crankshaw, T.L., and Aantjes, C. (2022) The recent US Supreme Court decision on abortion HEARD Commentary

Policy brief

Poku, NK and Crankshaw, T (2018) Funding Results for Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health HEARD, South Africa


Poku, N.K., Strauss, M., Crankshaw, T.L. and Chareka, S. (2023). SRHR in East and Southern Africa HEARD Report