Working to Advance Health Equity in Africa


Offering self-administered oral HIV testing to truck drivers in Kenya to increase testing: a randomized controlled trial


Given the need to improve HIV testing rates to achieve the UNAIDS 90-90-90 goal, the first of which aims for 90% of those HIV infected
knowing their status (UNAIDS, 2014), it is imperative to assess new HIV testing modalities in key populations. Therefore, we conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing HIV test uptake by truck drivers at two roadside wellness clinics in Kenya among those offered a choice of HIV testing methods, including self-administered oral testing, versus the offer of only the one standard testing option. This study was extremely timely as Kenya announced the roll-out of self-testing kits in May 2017, about one year after this study was completed (UNAIDS, 2017).

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