Structural Interventions for Gender Equality and HIV Prevention

Recent research has shown that gender inequalities can be tackled if there is a concerted effort to challenge gender inequalities through community mobilisation and tackling the structural determinants of ill health such as poverty or lack of access to health services.

This project focuses on interventions that have sought to simultaneously tackle gender inequalities and livelihood insecurity and provides the basis for further research.

Key Resources

  • Altman (2005) Rights Matter: Structural interventions and vulnerable communities. Health and Human Rights, 8(2), 203-213, available here.
  • Blakenship et al. (2006) Structural Interventions: Concepts, challenges and opportunities for research. Journal of Urban Health, 83(1), 59-72, available here.
  • Commission on Social Determinants of Health, available here.
  • Gupta et al. (2008) Structural Approaches to HIV Prevention. Lancet 372, 764-75, available here.
  • Pronyk et al. (2006) Effect of a structural intervention for the prevention of intimate-partner violence and HIV in rural South Africa: a cluster randomised trial. Lancet, 1973-1983, available here.
  • Pronyk et al. (2008) A combined microfinance and training intervention can reduce HIV risk behaviour in young female participants. AIDS, 22(13), 1659-1665, available here.


Programme Publications

The Programme has published a number of articles and given a series of presentations on this topic.

Journal Articles

  • Gibbs, A. (2010) Understandings of Gender and HIV in the South African Media. AIDS Care, special supplement on Community Mobilisation, 22(S2), 1620-1628.
  • Campbell, C., Cornish, F., Gibbs, A. & Scott, K. (2010) Heeding the Push from Below: How do social movements persuade the rich to listen to the poor? Journal of Health Psychology. 15(7) 962-971
  • Gibbs, A, Campbell, C (2010) Political will as a significant 'social determinant of health': a South African case study. (pp. 242-262) Chapter in: Sanjoy Bhattacharya, Sharon Messenger & Caroline Overy, Social Determinants of Health: Assessing theory, policy and practice, Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan.
  • Campbell, C. and Gibbs, A. (2010) Poverty, AIDS and Gender. (pp. 327-332) In: Chant, S. (ed.) International Handbook on Poverty and Gender. Cheltenam, UK: Edward Elgar.